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:
III . . .

Studia historica. . XI. ., 2011. . 190202.

.190 (. -, ), , 1. . . , (Ann. XIV. 33)2.

, , - . , . . , 43 .3 . . 60- . I ., . . . ,   , , 4.   oppidum, . , . ,   , , , , .191   , , civitates5.

1955 . - , - (RIB. III. 3123). (, , ) . ,   7981 . ୸ . municipiumVerulamium, civitas catuvellaunorum6.

, , III . , 7. , , . , .192 80 8. , . , 30- . XX ., . , , .   , ( ). III ., 125 150 . ( . ), , , . , 5070- . XX ., . . , , . 20 . I . (0, 2 .  0, 5 .  ), , 9.

, III ., . , , . .193 .

( VER/VERL) I . . . 10. , , . , - , 11. , ( , , , , .),  . . 9, 12. , , , -13. oppidum -. , 14. , , 츭 , , , terra nigra terra rubra , (e. g., .194 ) 15.

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1992 .  . , , , 17.

, . , (170 117 ), , . , . , - , , - . , (, .). , . , . - 18. ୸   40  50- .19

.195 , , (terra nigra, terra rubra, terra sigillata) , , . , , . . , - , , 43 ., , , 20.

. , , , . 50- . , 21. , , 22. ( , ) . , . . , , III . .

, .196  . - -. 90 . - , 23. , , . II .   , , ,   . , , , ( , ), 24. IV ., 25.

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III . .   , -. , , .   , , 26. . . , I . .197 , oppidum27. , , 7090- , 28.

II . , , (), ( 29). , 30. , , . , XIII (- , II .)31.

XIII III . 7 . 6- , 140200 . (10,5  , 13  ) 11 32. ( 1 5) opus signinum, . , , .

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XIII   , , , , . , , , . , , . -   I II.

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.199 -, XIII . , , , , , .37  . - , , .

-, , (, , ) (cervisia). , 38, , 39.   - , . , , , , . , 40.

-, , . , (, ) AT[]/KAN[]. , , , .200 41. , , - , , , . , , .

, , , , 42, . , , oppidum. . , , (- IV, V) . , XIX, - , I . 43.

, . , .

. 31 , (24)  (e. g., , , ), 44. .   (RIB. II. 2501, 416; 2503, 410). , , , .201 . , 5 . Sen-, 45, Maccvs, Macco46, Andoc. (RIB. II. 2503, 138).

, . -, , ( ), .

, , . , , , , . , . ( ), .   .

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  • 2eadem clades municipio Verulamio fuit.
  • 3   . .
  • 4Collingwood R. G., Myres J. N. Roman Britain and the English settlements. Oxford, 1936. P. 86; Wacher J. S. The Towns of Roman Britain. L., 1995. P. 204; Creighton J. Britannia. The Creation of a Roman Province. L., 2006. P. 124; Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers // Roman towns: the Wheeler Inheritance / Ed. S. J. Greep. York, 1993. P. 86; Mattingly D. An Imperial Possession: Britain in the Roman Empire. L., 2007. P. 278.
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  • 6[imp(eratori) Tito Caesari divi] Vespa[siani f(ilio) Vespasiano Aug(usto) | p(ontifici) m(aximo) tr(ibuniciae) p(otestatis) VIIII imp(eratori) XV co(n)s(uli) VII] des[ig(nato) VIII censori patri patriae | et Caesari divi Vesp]asian[i f(ilio) Do]mi[tiano co(n)s(uli) VI design(nato) VII principo iuventis et] omn[ium collegiorum sacerdoti | Gn(aeo) Iulio A]gric[ola legato Aug(usti) pro] pr(aetore) | ] VE. [] NATA []. .   RIB. III. 3123, p. 130131.  . : Frere Sh. S. Britannia: a history of Roman Britain. L., 1987. P. 202; Birley A. R. The Roman Government of Britain. Oxford, 2005. P. 82.
  • 7 (RIB. I. 222229; RIB. III. 31233124), , (. ). , , . (instrumentum domesticum) , , .
  • 8 : Wheeler R. E. M., Wheeler T. V. Verulamium, a Belgic and Two Roman Cities. Oxford, 1936; Frere Sh. S. Verulamium: Three Roman Cities // Antiquity. Vol. 38. P. 103112; idem., Verulamium Excavations. Vol. I. Oxford, 1972; idem. Verulamium Excavations. Vol. II. L., 1983; idem. Verulamium Excavations. Vol. III. Oxford, 1984; Neal D. S., Wardle A., Hunn J. Excavations of the Iron Age, Roman and Medieval Settlement at Gorhambury, St. Albans. L., 1990; Niblett R. Verulamium: the Roman city of St. Albans. L., 2001; Niblett R., Manning W., Saunders C. Verulamium: Excavations within the Roman Town 19861988 // Britannia. Vol. 37. 2006. P. 53188.
  • 9  .: Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers. P. 7886.
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  • 12Niblett R. Verulamium P. 78; Neal D. S., Wardle A., Hunn J. Excavations P. 8992; Hunn J. The Earthworks of Prae Wood: an interim account // Britannia. Vol. 11. 1980. P. 2130.
  • 13Niblett R. The Excavation of a Ceremonial Site at Folly Lane, Verulamium. L., 1999. P. 405. . : Creighton J. Britannia P. 125; Frere Sh. S. Verulamium Excavations. Vol. II P. 193.
  • 14Hunn J. Op. cit. P. 2728.
  • 15Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers. P. 78.
  • 16 , , , , . , - - . .: Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers. P. 79; 82.
  • 17   . .: Niblett R. A Catuvellaunian chieftains burial from St. Albans // Antiquity. Vol. 66.  253. P. 917929; eadem. The Excavation; Creighton J. Burning Kings // Britannia. Vol. 32. 2001. P. 401404.
  • 18Niblett R. The Excavation P. 405407; Creighton J. Burning P. 403.
  • 19 . , . . terra nigra terra rubra, terra sigillata,   2342 . .: Niblett R. The Excavation P. 51, 58, 175; Creighton J. Burning P. 402   my own gut feeling is that it is early post-conquest, but a gut feeling is all it is.
  • 20RIB. I. 91; Tac. Ann. XIV. 31. .: Creighton J. Britannia P. 125.
  • 21.: Lewis M. J. T. Temples in Roman Britain. Cambr., 1966. P. 156. Fig. 46; Muckelroy K. W. Enclosed Ambulatories in Romano-Celtic Temples in Britain // Britannia. Vol. 7. 1976. P. 173191.
  • 22 , . . . : Mays S., Taylor G. M. A First Prehistoric Case of Tuberculosis from Britain // International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Vol. 13.  4, 2003. P. 189196; Stirlanda A., Waldron T. The earliest cases of tuberculosis in Britain // Journal of Archaeological Science. Vol. 17.  2, 1990. P. 221230. III . . . ( 2008 .). : Roman York skeleton could be early TB victim // Science Daily. Sep. 17. 2008.
  • 23Kenyon K. The Roman Theatre at Verulamium, St. Albans // Archaeologia. Vol. 84. 1934. P. 215.
  • 24Creighton J. Britannia P. 126129. Fig. 7. 1.  . . .: Woolf G. Becoming Roman: the Origins of Roman Civilization in Gaul. Cambr., 1998. P. 224.
  • 25 ( , , , )  .: Kamash Z., Gosden C., Lock G. Continuity and religious practices in Roman Britain: the Case of the Rural Religious Complex at Marcham / Frilford, Oxfordshire // Britannia. Vol. 41. 2010. P. 100.
  • 26Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers. P. 86.
  • 27Niblett R. The Excavation Fig. 21; eadem. Verulamium: excavations P. 78.
  • 28.: Tac. Agr. 21. 1; Duncan-Jones R. Who paid for public buildings in Roman cities? // Roman Urban Topography in Britain and the Western Europe / Eds. F. Grew, B. Hobley. L., 1985. P. 2833.
  • 29Saunders C. Excavations at Branch Road, St. Albans, Herts. // Britannia. Vol. 6. 1976. P. 258260.
  • 30   XIII, XIV, II. . . : Niblett R. Verulamium: Excavations P. 53188.
  • 31  .: Niblett R. Verulamium: Excavations P. 58.
  • 32Ibid. P. 85, 90.
  • 33Ibid. P. 9293.
  • 34Ibid. P. 92.
  • 35Hordeum Vulgare, Triticum Spelta. E. g.  11. .: Fryer V. Charred cereals and other remains // Niblett R. Verulamium: excavations P. 173178. , , , . , XIII , - ( , ). -  .: Cool H. E. M. Eating and drinking in Roman Britain. Cambr., 2006. P. 140143.
  • 36Niblett R. Verulamium P. 92.
  • 37  .: Niblett R. Verulamium P. 138; 140; 142; 145; 147; 149; 151156; 158.
  • 38 , (Tac. Germ. 23), , , , . .: Graser E. R. The Edict of Diocletian on maximum prices // An Economic Survey of Ancient Rome / Ed. T. Frank. Vol. V: Rome and Italy of the Empire. Baltimore, 1940. P. 305421.
  • 39Gozzini Giacosa I. A Taste of Ancient Rome. Chicago, 1992. P. 192; Davies R. W. The Roman Military Diet // Britannia. Vol. 2. 1971. P. 133. ,   . (e. g.   Tab. Vind. III. 628). .: Mattingly D. An imperial Possession P. 222.
  • 40  .: Cool H. E. M. Op. cit. P. 173. Tab. 17. 2.
  • 41ATTICVS. FEC/KANABIS. BON. .: CIL, XIII. 3; Niblett R. Verulamium: excavations P. 136137. , .
  • 42.: . . . ., 2006. . 495497.
  • 43Niblett R. Verulamium since the Wheelers. P. 88.
  • 44RIB. II. 2501, 41, 111, 152, 268, 314, 322, 337, 386, 416, 479, 500, 515. 530, 623; 2503, 138, 150, 155, 179, 224, 235, 337, 363, 398, 404, 410, 430, 432, 499, 552; Britannia. Vol. 29. 1998. P. 438.
  • 45Mullen A. Linguistic Evidence for Romanization: Continuity and Change in Romano-British Onomastics: A Study of the Epigraphic Record with Particular Reference to Bath // Britannia. Vol. 38. 2007. P. 4849.
  • 46. RIB. II. 2501, 314.
  • 47. , 11 , . .: Webster G. The Roman Invasion of Britain. L., 1993. P. 106.
  • 48.: Birley A. R. The Roman Government P. 23.
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