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2009 . Ralph W. Mathisen. Ricimers Church in Rome: How an Arian Barbarian Prospered in a Nicene World // N. Lenski, A. Cain, eds., The Power of Religion in Late Antiquity (Ashgate Press, 2009), 307325.
2021 . . . .

.307 V , , patricius et magister utriusque militiae, . , , , , . , , . , , 1. ? ? , , , , , ?

IV V . . , , , , , . , , . , 2 3 4 , . V .308 , , , . , 443 IV ; , , De Christo5. , , . - . . , - -. I (440461), , , 457 [2], : vir magnificus, 6.

, , - , . , , , 7. , 427 - ; 8. , , , 9. , 461 467 ., , , . , (461465) , , (Priscus, fr. 29). 464 , , , .309 ,  , 10. , , , , .

467 . . , , , : . , . 470 , ; , , , , , , , . : ; , , (VEpiph. 6061).

- 459 471 . . :

FLA♥RICIMER VI MAG VTRIVSQ MILITIÆ PATRICIVS ET EX CONS ORD PRO VOTO SVO ADORNAVIT11


Flavius Ricimer, vir inlustris, magister utriusque militiae, patricius et ex consule ordinario, pro voto suo adornavit ( , , , , [ ] ).

, , - . , .310 , , 12. , VI . , III ; ecclesia Gothorum[6] Liber pontificalis, spelunca pravitatis haereticae Arianorum ecclesia[7]13.

, , , 594 , VI ,     . (493536), , , , . , 386 359 , 360 , , 438 , , , , 14. , 589 , , , .311 15. , ,     , .

, , . , : ? , . XVI , ; V 16. , , Vat. lat. 5407 (. . 22. 1)17. salus totius generis humani ( ) 18. , 19.

, . -, ( - ) ? , -, , , ? , : - , , ? . -, , - . , , , . , 359 . 381 , - . , , , - ?

.312

. 22. 1. , . Hülsen et al., S. Agata dei Goti (1924) pl. 9.

.313 -   , - .   --. , , , , . , , , 20. , , , , . 21. , . -- : 22, , , . : , , , . , -, .

? . , 23. , , - . , 459 472 . .314 . , , - .

-, . , ( L, N )24.   ,   , . . --  , . , . . . . , , : , , , , , , , , ϸ, , , , , ϸ . . : , , , , 25. , , VI , . , - - .

, -, , , ,   , (. 22. 2). , , , ,   , , . , . L (. . 22. 3), ,   , . .315 26. . . , , - IV, V VII ., , Dominus pacem dat[13] ( )27. ( )   . 460- . . 559/579 ., , , VI . , , , , . -, 540 ., , , . , 540 , - , , . , (, ϸ, , , ) , - . , , , , , .


. 22. 2. , . Hülsen et al., S. Agata dei Goti (1924) pl. 5, .

.316

. 22. 3. . Hülsen et al., S. Agata dei Goti (1924) pl. 5.

.317 salus totius humani generis 28. , , , . totius generis humani 29, , 390 450 . , IV pro totius humani generis absolutione[18] (In Ps. 39). 400 : Aduentus ergo Christi salus omnium gentium facta est, et totius generis humani redemptio[19] (Serm. 12). 450 ϸ , totius generis humani fructus[20] (Serm. 142). 450 : Per salvatorem totius generis humani sanatur infirmitas[21] (Serm. 43), , , , totius generis humani salus redempta sit sanguine Salvatoris[22] (Serm. 48)30. , , . ? ? - , ? salus totius humani generis , - . , , , , , , .

, .  . , , , ; , , . , , , , .

.318

, , . 430 ; :

31.

, 32. 460- . (461468) ,   33. 470- . , , ---34. , . , 471 , , , (Flavius Valila qui et Theodobius), . , , , 470- ., (468483) . 35. , .319 -- ( ), , , ; , , 36. , , . , , .

, , , . , . , ecclesia Gothorum quae fuit in Subora, , , campus barbaricus[29], , 37. . campus barbaricus. , , 38. , ?39 , , , -, , , , , .

, , -, , . , . , 459 , , , , , .

.320 , . , , , , . , , , , . , fasti40. 460 461 ., , . 467 , , 468 - . , 462467 ., . , 462 , . 463 , , ; , . , , .

468 . , . , , .

467 . , - 41, ( ) , .

. salus totius generis humani , , , , , , , . , salus totius generis humani, Fl. Ricimer?   , , , ,  (. . 22. 4):

.321

. 22. 4. , in situ. . (D. Underwood), .

.322 1. . spes totius generis humani 310 42. 400 nova spes reipublicae[32]43. , salus generis humani, , 44. Ÿ V .

2. , , , , , . , , , . ,   , , , 45 (. . 22. 5). , , , , .

3. , , , , , domini nostri, , : [] (. . 22. 6)46. salvis dominis nostris . , ( ), , , , , 47. , , salvo domino nostro Ricimere.

.323

. 22. 5. , . Numismatik Lanz Munchen, Auction 123, 30 ( 2005)  980.

. 22. 6. . . Hülsen et al., S. Agata dei Goti (1924). .

, salus totius generis humani salvis patricio Ricimere . , . , . , , .

, , ? , , , ,     48. .324 , . II , , , , . , , , 408 , , , , : , 49. , 469 , , , . 490 (Joh. Ant. fr. 307 [Roberto]). , , .

, , . , , , . ,   ,   : , , . , , , 븭 , .

, . , , , , , rex  , . , . , , . : , -, 50. , . , .325 , , ,  , -51. , : (Chron. 211) , 461 , (Chron. 14. 45 [375]) , 472 , . : (fr. 299 [Roberto]) , , .

. , , , , . , , , , , . , , . , . . , , , , , , . , , , .


  • 1, J. M. OFlynn, Generalissimos of the Western Roman Empire (Edmonton, 1983); H. Castritius, Zur Sozialgeschichte der Heermeister des Westreichs. Einheitliche Rekrutiemngsmuster und Rivalitäten im spätromischen Militäradel, MIÖG 92 (1984) 133.
  • 2A. H. M. Jones, J. R. Martindale, and J. Morris (eds.), The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume I. A. D. 260395 ( PLRE 1) (Cambridge, 1971) 957959; , ; , .
  • 3PLRE 1. 605.
  • 4Amm. 15. 5. 31: Silvanum ad conventiculum ritus Christiani tendentem[1].
  • 5J. R. Martindale (ed.), The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Volume II. A. D. 395527 ( PLRE 2) (Cambridge, 1980) 758.
  • 6Leo Ep. 153, Accepimus dilectionis tuae (PL 54. 1123): Ad magnificum virum patricium Asparem necessaria in causa fidei scripta transmisimus.
  • 7PLRE 2. 47; . Zos. 5. 48. 13; Soz. 9. 7. 12.
  • 8. R. W. Mathisen, Sigisvult the Patrician, Maximinus the Arian, and Political Strategems in the Western Roman Empire ca. 425440, EME 8 (1999) 173196.
  • 9 ., , A. M. Papini, Ricimero: Lagonia dell impero romano dOccidente (Milan, 1959); L. R. Scott, Antibarbarian Sentiments and the Barbarian General in Roman Imperial Service: The Case of Ricimer, : Actes du VIIe congrès de la Fédération Internationale des Associations dÉtudes Classiques (Brussels, 1984) 2. 2333; L. Vassili, Il comes Agrippino collaboratore di Ricimero, Athenaeum 14 (1936) 175180; Idem, La figura di Nepoziano e lopposizione ricimeriana al govemo imperiale di Maggioriano, Athenaeum 14 (1936) 5666; G. Lacam, L agonie de Rome: Ricimer, un barbare, maître de lOccident (455472) (Paris, 1992).
  • 10Marc. Com. s. a. 464: Beorgor rex Alanorum a Ricimere rege occiditur[3]; Cass. Chron. no. 1278: His conss. rex Halanorum Beorgor apud Pergamum a patricio Ricimere peremptus est[4].
  • 11, , Barb. lat. 2161 f. 86r; . C. Hülsen, C. Cecchelli, G. Giovannoni, U. Monneret de Villard, A. Muñoz, S. Agata dei Goti (Rome, 1924) 181182, 192; J. Zeiller, Les églises ariennes de Rome a lépoque de la domination gothique, MEFRA 24 (1904), 2025 25 (1905) 127146; Idem, Étude sur larianisme en Italie à lépoque ostrogothique et à lépoque lombarde, MEFRA 25 (1905) 127146, . 130131.
  • 12. Zeiller, Eglises, 2122. Hyd. Chron. 232 (Ajax, natione Galata, effectus apostata et senior Arrianus, inter Suevos regis sui auxilio hostis catholicae fidei et divinae trinitatis emergit[5]) , , , , , , .
  • 13Lib. pont. 66 (L. Duchesne, Liber Pontificalis: texte, introduction et commentaire, 2 vols. [Paris, 18861892] 1. 312); Greg. Mag. Reg. 4. 19 (594 .) (CCSL 140. 237); Greg. Mag. Dial. 30 (PL 77. 288): Arianorum ecclesia in regione urbis hujus quae Subura dicitur introductis illic sanctae Agathae martyrum reliquiis[8]. . : Greg. Mag. Reg. 3. 19 (CCSL 140. 165); . Hülsen et al., S. Agata, 26; M. C. Cartocci, Alcune precisazioni sulla intitolazione a S. Agata della Ecclesia Gothorum alla Suburra, : Teoderico il Grande e i Goti dItalia. Atti del XIII congresso internazionale di studi sullalto Medioevo, Milano 26 novembre 1992 (Spoleto, 1993) 2. 611620, . 615.
  • 14CTh 16. 1. 4 (386 .): Damus copiam colligendi his, qui secundum ea sentiunt, quae temporibus divae memoriae Constanti Ariminensi concilio decreta sunt[9]. . M. Weedman, Hilary and the Homoiousians: Using New Categories to Map the Trinitarian Controversy, ChHist 76 (2007) 491510, , , , . , 399 , : . Zos. 5. 2022; Eun. Hist. fr. 69. 4; Philost. 11. 8; Socr. 6. 39; Joh. Ant. fr. 284 (Roberto); Al. Cameron and J. Long, Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius (Berkeley, 1993) 224239. , - 420- (Socr. 7. 12).
  • 15Conc. Tolet. III, can. 17 (PL 84. 344): Quicunque Ariminense concilium non ex toto corde respuerit et damnaverit, anathema sit[10].
  • 16. E. Muntz, The Lost Mosaics of Rome of the IV to IX Century (I), AJA 2 (1886) 295313, . 309.
  • 17. Muntz, Lost Mosaics, 308; M. Armellini, Le chiese di Roma dal secolo IV al XIX (Rome, 1942) 201202.
  • 18C. Cecchelli, Monumenti cristiano-eretici di Roma (Rome, 1944) vii.
  • 19F. M. Clover, Count Ricimer and the Church of the Holy Apostles, : Abstracts. Twenty-Second Annual Byzantine Studies Conference, October 2427, 1996, The University of North Carolina At Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, 1996), .
  • 20N. MacGregor and E. Langmuir, Seeing Salvation: Images of Christ in Art (Yale, 2000): [], , (80); ( ) , (81). O. von Simson, Sacred Fortress: Byzantine Art and Statecraft in Ravenna (Chicago, 1948) 73; C. Ricci, Ravenna (Bergamo, 1912) 25.
  • 21R. M. Jensen, The Economy of the Trinity at the Creation of Adam and Eve, JECS 7 (1999) 527546, . 528: - . A. Urbino, Donation, Dedication, and Damnatio Memoriae: The Catholic Reconciliation of Ravenna and the Church of Sant Apollinare Nuovo, JECS 13 (2005) 71110, . 88: , .
  • 22Agnellus, Lib. pont. eccl. rav. 86: Si diligenter inquisieritis, super fenestras invenietis ex lapideis litteris exaratum ita: Theodericus rex hanc ecclesiam a fundamentis in nomine domini nostri Iesu Christi fecit[11].
  • 23Hülsen et al., S. Agata, 25: Il mosaico non aveva alcuna caratteristica ariana[12].
  • 24 . J. Welch and C. Foley, Gammadia on Early Jewish and Christian Garments, : J. F. Hall and J. Welch (eds.), Masada and the World of the New Testament (Provo, 1997) 252258.
  • 25. 6: 1316; . 10: 14; . 3: 1319.
  • 26 . Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 34; J. M. Spieser, The Representation of Christ in the Apses of Early Christian Churches, Gesta 37 (1998) 6373, . 70: ; T. F. Mathews, The Clash of Gods: A Reinterpretation of Early Christian Art (Princeton, 1993).
  • 27. D. J. Stanley, The Apse Mosaics at S. Costanza, RM 94 (1987) 2942 ( ), Idem, New Discoveries at Santa Costanza, DOP 48 (1994) 257261; G. Mackie, A New Look at the Patronage of Santa Costanza, Rome, Byzantion 67 (1997) 383406; P. Vallin, Dominus pacem dat. Apropos du mausolée de Constantina à Rome, RSR 51 (1963) 579613.
  • 28Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 33, , .
  • 29., , Arnob. Comm. Ps. 12 (PL 53. 340): In totius generis humani persona propheticum carmen exorat[14]; (PL 48. 932) pro redemptione totius humani generis[15]; Brev. fid. adv. Ar. Haer. (PL 13. 665): Vbi salus humani generis agitur, Patri et Filio copularetur[16]; , Ad eccl. 2. 2: Pendentem in patibulo humani generis salutem[17].
  • 30 VI , , Lib. pont. eccl. Rav. 21 (PL 52. 19), qui per sanctum Filium tuum totius generis humani salutem recuperasti[23].
  • 31Agnellus, Lib. pont. eccl. Rav. 20. 43: Sancto ac beatissimo apostolo Johanni evangelistae Galla Placidia augusta cum filio suo Placido Valentiniano augusto et filia sua Justa Grata Honoria augusta liberationis periculum maris votum solverent, .
  • 32ILS 1293 = ILCV 68: Flavius Felix, v. c., magister utriusque militiae, patricius, et cons. ord. et Padusia eius illustris femina ejus uxor voti compotes de proprio fecerunt[24]. 430 : Prosp. s. a. 430, Hyd. Chron. 94 (430), Marc. Com. s. a. 430, Joh. Ant. fr. 293. 1 (Roberto); PLRE 2. 461462.
  • 33 : liberatori suo beato Johanni evangelistae Hilarus episcopus famulus XPI[25], : Hilarus episcopus dei famulus offert[26] (. Muntz, Lost Mosaics, 305370).
  • 34ICUR 2. 151 no. 25: Attica Felicis Magni clarissima coniunx sumptibus hoc propriis aedificauit opus[27].
  • 35: Carta Cornutiana (Duchesne, Liber Pontificalis, l. lcxlvii). : Lib. pont. 49 ( . Duchesne, Liber pontificalis, 1. 250). : Haec tibi mens Valilae decrevit praedia, Christe / cui testator opes detulit ille suas / Simplicius quae papa sacris caelestibus aptans / effecit vere muneris esse tui[28]. . H. Castritius, Zur Sozialgeschichte der Heermeister des Westreichs nach der Mitte des 5. Jh.: Flavius Valila qui et Theodosius, AncSoc 3 (1972) 233243.
  • 36S. Waetzoldt, Die Kopien des 17. Jahrhunderts nach Mosaiken und Wandmalereien in Rom (Munich, 1964) pl. 15.
  • 37Lib. pont. 66; M. C. Cartocci, S. Agatha Gothorum, LTUR (1993) 1. 2426; G. Tomassetti, Il quartiere militare di Roma, MDAIR 17 (1902) 98. . Cartocci, Alcune precisazioni, 619; C. Cecchelli : Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 26; Zeiller, Églises, 2427.
  • 38 fragmenti di scritture et epitafi in lingua gotica[30] (Barb. lat. 2160 f. 119r; . Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 181), Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 27. . Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 28, , . ecclesia Gothorum , ecclesia Gothorum .
  • 39Hülsen, et al., S. Agata, 26: . L. G. Marini, I papiri diplomatici (Rome, 1805) no. 140, p. 376, . 490 . . Zeiller, Églises, 127146.
  • 40. R. S. Bagnall, Al. Cameron, S. R. Schwartz, and K. A. Worp (eds.), Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (Atlanta, 1987).
  • 41 , , , , 470 , (PLRE 2. 667, 842).
  • 42Pan. Lat. 12(9). 9. 4: Spem totius generis humani et vota deceperas?[31]
  • 43. J. P. C. Kent (ed.), The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395491 (London, 1994) 65, 242.
  • 44, H. Mattingly, Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum (London, 1923) 1. cxcvi. (Pan. 6) parens generis humani[33].
  • 45 , , . D. Woods, A Misunderstood Monogram: Ricimer or Severus?, Hermathena 172 (2002) 521.
  • 46ILS 813: (recto) SALVIS DD NN / ET PATRICI/O RICIMERE; (verso) PLOTINVS EVS/TATHIVS VC / VRB. PR. FECIT; . PLRE 2. 436 (no. 13), 457/472 .
  • 47, ILS 811 (461465 .): (recto) SALVIS DD NN / LEONE ET LIBIO / SEVERO PP AVG; (verso) CELIVS ACONIVS / PROBIANVS PRAE / PRAET FECIT; ILS 814 (474/475 .): (recto) SALVO DN / IVLIO NEPOTE / PP AVG; (verso) AVDAX VC / PRAEFECTVS / VRB FECIT.
  • 48Proc. Bell. 3. 37[34]: , , .
  • 49Acta synod. habit. Rom. V (MGH. AA 12. 425) (AD 501): Aliquando Aspari a senatu dicebatur, ut ipse fieret imperator, qui tale refertur dedisse responsum, timeo ne per me consuetudo in regno nascatur[35]. . PLRE 2. 168, : E. Stein, Geschichte des spätrömischen Reiches vom römischen zum byzantinischen Staate (284476 n. Chr.) (Vienna, 1928) = Histoire du Bas-Empire. Tome premier. De l état romaine à létat byzantine (284476), trans. J. R. Palanque (Paris, 1959; reprint. Amsterdam, 1968) 1. 353354, 457 , , .
  • 50Nov. Mai. I (11 458 .); trans. C. Pharr, The Theodosian Code and Novels and the Sirmondian Constitutions (Princeton, 1952) 551.
  • 51Nov. Sev. 2 (25 465 .). Fasti vindobonenses priores 15 465 . , . 465 , , , , acta, .
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